Piano is the short form of pianoforte, from the Italian “piano” (soft) + “forte” (strong). It is so named because older keyboard instruments – the harpsichord and the clavier – could not produce varied volumes.
Pianos are keyboard instruments that range over seven octaves, with white and black keys. Pianos usually have a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings. They also have a row of 88 black and white keys – 52 white keys and 36 black keys. When you press these keys to play the piano it causes the padded hammers to strike steel strings. The hammers rebound, and the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. The release of the keys consequently silences the strings.
Thus with the release of a key, a damper stops the string’s vibration and sound. As a result you can sustain the musical note even when you release the keys. Hence, you can achieve this by using the pedals at the bottom of the piano. The changes in the sound volume produced are in response to the pianist’s touch on the keys. The greater the velocity of a key press the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings. Hence louder the sound of the musical note produced.
The modern acoustic pianos have two basic designs – the grand piano and the upright piano.
In grand pianos, the frame and strings are horizontal, and the strings extend away from the keyboard. The action takes place beneath the strings, thus using gravity as the means of return to a state of rest.
Grand pianos come in several sizes. These are the “concert grand”, the smaller “parlor grand”, and the much smaller “baby grand”. Of these, the grand pianos can be broadly distinguished. Concert grand pianos can vary in length from 2.2 to 3 meters or about 7 to 10 feet. Parlor grand pianos can vary in length from 1.7 to 2.2 meters or about 6 to 7 feet. Baby grand pianos are about 1.5 meters or about 5 feet in length. Generally, longer pianos with longer strings have indeed larger, richer sound.
Upright pianos are also called vertical pianos. The upright pianos are more compact since the frame and strings are vertical. Hammers move horizontally, and return to their resting position via springs, which are prone to degradation.
We classify Modern Pianos according to their height.
Piano Maintenance & Care
Pianos are heavy and yet delicate instruments. A professional piano mover uses special methods for transporting pianos. They will prevent damage to the case and the mechanics of the piano. Piano tuning is the act of adjusting the tensions of the piano’s strings. Thus piano tuning aligns the intervals among their tones so that the instrument is in tune.
Pianos need regular tuning to keep them in pitch. The hammers in pianos are voiced to compensate for gradual hardening, and other parts also need periodic regulation too. Old and worn pianos can be rebuilt or reconditioned. Often, by replacing a great number of the piano’s parts, they can perform as well as a new piano.
Digital pianos are modern electronic musical instruments. They are different from electronic keyboards. The design of digital pianos are primarily to serve as an alternative to traditional pianos. Hence the touch and feel and also the sound it produces is similar to a traditional piano. Digital pianos are meant to provide an accurate simulation of real pianos. The Digital pianos are also designed to look like acoustic pianos. Digital pianos may fall short of a real piano in feel and sound. However, digital pianos have other advantages over acoustic pianos.
Advantages of Digital Pianos over Acoustic Pianos
Manufacturers continue to develop technology for both sound and feel too covering a wide range of quality and cost. Well-known makers of acoustic pianos and digital pianos include Yamaha, Kawai, Steinway, Bosendorfer, Bechstein, Fazioli, Estonia, Grotrian, Masin & Hamlin, Baldwin, Bluthner, Schulze Pollman, Petrof, Rolland, Korg, Clavia, Kurweil, Casio, Pearl River, Young Chang, Samick, Essex, among many others.
We conduct our Piano lessons at our Music Learning Centres situated in Gurgaon / Gurugram, National Capital Region of Delhi. Our classes are held after school hours (afternoons & evenings) on weekdays including Saturdays. We do not conduct our classes on Sundays which is our weekly holiday.